Problematics of Media Transferment of Surface-Based designs to Screen-Based Designs

Main Article Content

Naniwati Sulaiman
Rene Arthur Palit


The global health crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted all areas of human life. Humans must rearrange their way of life, including the way of worship. Sunday school services that were previously luring at the church, have now turned into daring worship at home. In the practice of telling stories daring, it turns out that Surface-based media, such as print media, which were originally effective in face-to-face situations, are now less powerful in front of the camera. All visual aids used to tell stories to Sunday school children cannot simply be used in front of a screen in daring worship. The reason is that screen-based media has different characteristics from Surface-based media. So, illustrations and types of luring props cannot simply be used in an daring situation. Visual aids in face-to-face situations cannot be equated with daring situations. This study aims to apply Surface-based visual aids to screen-based media. To achieve this goal, literature and experimental study methods are used. First, a literature study will be conducted on the characteristics of visual aids. Next, a sample of Surface-based Sunday school story props will be selected which is designed to be a screen-based teaching aid. Then the results of the transformation of the props will be tested on Sunday school children. The final step is the completion of the work. It is hoped that the findings of this study can provide input for the design of daring Sunday school visual aids. In general, it can be useful for the development of visual communication design media.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sulaiman, N., & Palit, R. A. (2024). Problematics of Media Transferment of Surface-Based designs to Screen-Based Designs. Serat Rupa Journal of Design, 8(1).


Agodzo, D. (2015). A critical review of Marshall McLuhan's understanding media: The extensions of man. 1-10.

Alkitab Terjemahan Baru edisi kedua (TB2). (2023). (Terjemahan Baru edisi kedua (TB2) ed.). Lembaga Alkitab Indonesia.

Arikunto, S. (2004). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek (5 ed.). Rineka Cipta.

Bolter, J. D., & Grusin, R. (2000). Remediation: Understanding New Media. First MIT press.

Bucata, G., & Babos, A. (2023). Advantages and disadvantages of onsite learning compared to online learning. Scientific Bulletin, 28(1), 14-25.

Bungin, B. (2008). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif (1 cet. 6 ed.). PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Feldman, V. (2013). New media theory: Remediation. Diakses tanggal 15 Maret from

Hudson, D. (2013). 10 reasons why you should use visual communication with kids. Relevant Children’s Ministry.

Johansson, C. (2018). Old and new media: on the construction of media history. In S. Petersson, C. Johansson, M. Holdar, & S. Callahan (Eds.), The Power of the In-Between: Intermediality as a Tool for Aesthetic Analysis and Critical Reflection (hal. 375-406).

Laufer, R., & Dyck, A. Pedoman pelayanan anak. Yayasan Pekabaran Injil Indonesia.

Lee, W. H. (1969). Improving Sunday School teaching with audio visual use George Fox University]. Portland, Oregon.

Rathore, N. R. S. (2022). Print media vs Digital Media. Techniajz. Diakses tanggal 19 Januari from

Shabiralyani, G., Hasan, K. S., Hamad, N., & Iqbal, N. (2015). Impact of visual aids in enhancing the learning process case Research: District Dera Ghazi Khan. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(19), 226-233.

Sheckler, D. (2011). Examples of immediacy, hypermediacy and remediation. Diakses tanggal 5 Mei from

Strate, L. (2017). Understanding the message of understanding media. Atlantic Journal of Communication, 25(4: The 75th Anniversary of the New York State Communication Association: Scholarship, Context, and History), 244-254.

Sugiyono. (2011). Metode penelitian kuantitatif kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Whitehead, K. D. (2010). An analysis of the teaching aids provided for Sunday School teachers in the Church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints Brigham Young University.