PROBLEMATIKA PENGATURAN CYBERSTALKING (PENGUNTITAN DI DUNIA MAYA) DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ANNONYMOUS ACCOUNT PADA SOSIAL MEDIA
AbstractThe internet is a new world where humans interact, without limitation of distance and time. In the real world, as legal subjects, everyone must have a clear identity, proof of identification, so that the state can recognize it and the law can be upheld against it, as well as the law can protect their rights. Social media which is currently developing, allows everyone to appear and interact in cyberspace either by showing their true identity, or by using fake identities, or even interacting without identity (annonymous). Easily each person can create more than one e-mail account, which can be used to create more than one social media account. Although the creation of e-mail and social media accounts is through the cell phone number verification stage, this does not solve the problem because anyone can easily have multiple cellphone numbers. A person in cyber world can be an anonymous subject and take various actions that harm others, including stalking others. Stalking, done by the person behind an anonymous account is an annoying action, has not been regulated clearly in Indonesian. This paper is the result of a normative juridical study. Result of this research is: criminal law regulation system in Indonesia regulated cyberstalking as long as the action consist of delivery of illegal contents such as threats, obscene content and insults. Further regulation is still needed, especially regarding law enforcement mechanisms for perpetrators that are difficult to reach due to the use of the anonymous account.
Bahder Johan Nasution, Metode Penelitian Ilmu Hukum, Bandung, Mandar Maju, 2008
David S.Wall, Cybercrime, The Transformation of Crime in the Information Age, United Kingdom, Polity Press,2007
M.Ainul Syamsu , Penjatuhan Pidana dan Dua Prinsip Hukum Pidana,Jakarta, Kencana Prenada Media, 2016
PAF. Lamintang. Dasar-dasar Hukum Pidana Indonesia.Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti,1996
Sudarto. Hukum dan Hukum Pidana. Bandung: Alumni, 2007
Susan W. Brenner, Cybercrime and The Law, Challenges, Issues and Outcomes, Boston, Northeastern University Press, 2012
Amanda Lenhart , Michele Ybarra, Kathryn Zickuhr, Myeshia Price-Feeney, Online Harassment, Digital Abuse, And Cyberstalking In America, Center For Innovative Public Health Research.
Andreas M Kaplan dan Michael Haenlein “User of the World, Unite! The Challenges and Opportunities of Social Media,” di Majalah Business Horizons (2010).
Perkasa, R.E., Nyoman, S.P., & Turisno,B.E., (2016), Perlindungan Hukum Pidana Terhadap Konsumen dalam Transaksi Jual Beli Online (E-commerce) di Indonesia, Diponegoro Law Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4
Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata
Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Pidana
Undang-undang Nomor 11 tahun 2008 sebagaimana diubah dengan Undang-undang Nomor 19 tahun 2016 tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik
Bryan A. Garner, Black's Law Dictionary 7th edition, United States, Thomson West; Aspatore Books, 2014.
E. Pranala Luar
https://www.hukumonline.com/klinik/detail/ulasan/lt4bd5f301cea84/cyberstalking/, diakses tanggal 18 September 2019 , pk. 11.44.
https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id, diakses tanggal 11 September 2019, pk.08.00.
https://nasional.republika.co.id/berita/pxm5nq384/siswi-smk-di-kota-bandung-ditusuk-saat-akan-masuk-sekolah , diakses tanggal 18 September 2019, pk. 13.00 WIB.
Copyright (c) 2019 Rahel Octora
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.