Mozart’s Sonata for Two Pianos K448 in D-Major 2nd Movement Improves Short-Term Memory and Concentration
AbstractRhythm, melody, and high frequencies in Mozart’s music are capable to stimulate creativity and motivation regions of the brain and activate brain’s areas, especially the prefrontal area of the brain, which contributes to short-term memory. Listening to Mozart ‘s music can enhance concentration because it stimulates alpha brain waves which induce relaxation and peaceful mood. The objectives of this study were to determine the Mozart’s effect towards short-term memory and concentration. This is a quasi-experimental study using pre- and post-test design, performed to 30 adult women aged between 19-24 years old. The measured data were memorized words from recall memory test and duration to finish traffic jam puzzle, before and after listening to Mozart Sonata K448 for Two Pianos in D-major 2nd Movement. Data were analyzed using paired t-test with ? = 0.05.The results showed that there is a significant difference of words remembered before and after listening to music (35,43±6,70444 vs 73±4,727; p<0,01) and duration to finish traffic jam puzzle (125,60±149,939vs 53,67±69,652 seconds ; p<0,01). We concluded that Mozart’s music improves short-term memory and concentration. Keywords: Mozart’s sonata, short-term memory,concentration
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