Tingkat Kerusakan Gigi Molar Pertama Permanen Anak di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Bandung

Authors

  • Marlianti Hidayat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Etty SM Asnar KSM Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin
  • Dentakusuma Dentakusuma KSM Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.28932/jmh.v4i2.3536

Keywords:

Gigi Molar 1 Permanen, Karies, Restoras, Perawatan saluran akar, Ekstraksi

Abstract

Gigi molar pertama permanen (M1) merupakan kunci oklusi dan panduan untuk pertumbuhan gigi yang lainnya. Hilangnya gigi M1 terlalu dini dapat berdampak langsung dan menyebabkan maloklusi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui tingkat kerusakan gigi M1 rahang atas dan bawah pada anak usia 7 sampai 12 tahun. Pemeriksaan dilakukan pada 115 anak dengan 460 gigi M1 rahang atas dan bawah. Hasil: ditemukan karies pada 66 anak (57,4%), terdiri dari laki-laki 36 orang (54,5%) dan perempuan 30 orang (45,5%). Karies paling banyak pada kelompok umur 9 tahun (76,9%). Pada pemeriksaan 460 gigi M1, 142 gigi M1 (30,9%) mengalami karies, dari 142 gigi M1 tingkat kedalaman superfisialis (47,2%), media (24,6%), dan profunda (28,2%). Gigi yang paling banyak terkena karies adalah M1 kiri bawah (35,9%). Penanganan karies dengan restorasi (74,6%), perawatan saluran akar (11,3%) dan ekstraksi (14,1%). Simpulan: Kerusakan gigi M1 masih tinggi dan sudah ditemukan pada usia 7 tahun, terdapat peningkatan level karies seiring bertambahnya usia, karies lebih banyak ditemukan pada rahang bawah, dan tidak ada pengaruhnya dengan jenis kelamin.

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Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

1.
Hidayat M, SM Asnar E, Dentakusuma D. Tingkat Kerusakan Gigi Molar Pertama Permanen Anak di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Bandung. J. Med. Health [Internet]. 2022Aug.31 [cited 2022Oct.4];4(2):113-22. Available from: https://journal.maranatha.edu/index.php/jmh/article/view/3536

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