Sleeping Quality Does Not Affect Blood Pressure among Elderly in Tresna Werdha Nursing Home City of Bandung
AbstractAbstractBad sleep quality is often associated with rise in blood pressure. However, there are still differences between measurement done in elderly respondents and other age categories. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine association between quality of sleep with blood pressure among elderly in Tresna Werdha nursing home city of Bandung. This study uses analytical method with cross-section design. Respondents in this study are 51 people with elderly age category. Instruments used are Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire, mercury sphygmomanometer, and stethoscope. PSQI questionnaire is used to measure sleep quality with good sleep quality scores < 5, and bad sleep quality scores â‰¥ 5. Blood pressure with measurement result < 120 for systolic pressure and < 80 mmHg for diastolic pressure is categorized as normal blood pressure, and hypertension is categorized with measurement result â‰¥ 140 for systolic pressure and â‰¥ 90 mmHg for diastolic pressure.This study uses Chi-square analysis test with significance value p<0.05. Result of this study shows p = 0.113 for systolic pressure and p = 0.543 for diastolic pressure, it can be concluded that there is no association between sleep quality and blood pressure among elderly in Tresna Werdha nursing home city of Bandung.Â Keywords: sleeping quality, elderly, nursing home, blood pressureÂ
C. Guyton A, E. Hall J. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 12th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2011.
M. Anderson D. Dorlandâ€™s Illustrated Medial Dictionary. In: 32nd ed. USA: Elsevier; 2012.
Barrett K, Brooks H, Boitano S, Barman S. Ganongâ€™s Review of Medical Physiology. 23rd ed. USA: Lange; 2010.
Lauralee S. Human physiology: From cells to system. 7th ed. California: Brooks/Cole; 2010.
Stanley M, Gauntlett Beare P. Buku Ajar Keperawatan Gerontik. 2nd ed. Jakarta: EGC; 2007. 502 p.
National Sleep Foundation. Aging and Sleep [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jan 12]. Available from: https://sleepfoundation.org/sleep-topics/aging-and-sleep
National Institute of Health. Sleep and Aging [Internet]. [cited 2017 Jan 16]. Available from: https://nihseniorhealth.gov/sleepandaging/aboutsleep/01.html
Buxton OM, Marcelli E. Social Science & Medicine Short and long sleep are positively associated with obesity , diabetes , hypertension , and cardiovascular disease among adults in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2010;71(5):1027â€“36.
Gangwisch JE, Heymsfield SB, Boden-albala B, Buijs RM, Kreier F, Pickering TG, et al. Short Sleep Duration as a Risk Factor for Hypertension Analyses of the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hypertension. 2006;47:833â€“9.
Fung MM, Peters K, Redline S, Ziegler MG, Ancoli-Israel S, Barrett-Connor E, et al. Decreased slow wave sleep increases risk of developing hypertension in elderly men. Hypertension. 2011;58(4):596â€“603.
Hwang H, Lee J, Lee S, Cha KS, Choi JH, Jeong D, et al. The relationship between hypertension and sleep duration : an analysis of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ( KNHANES V-3 ). Clin Hypertens. 2015;21:8.
Ji-rong Y, Hui W, Chang-quan H, Bi-rong D. Association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure among Chinese nonagenarians / centenarians. Med Sci Monit. 2012;18(3):36â€“42.
Carole Smyth. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index ( PSQI ). Hartford Inst Geriatr Nurs. 2012;29(6):1â€“2.
C. Kovell L, M. Ahmed H, Misa S, P. Whelton S. US Hypertension Management Guidelines: A Review of the Recent Past and Recommendations for the Future. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4.
Berg JF Van Den, Tulen JHM, Neven AK, Hofman A, Miedema HME, Witteman JCM, et al. Sleep Duration and Hypertension Sleep Duration and Hypertension Are Not Associated in the Elderly. Hypertension. 2007;50:585â€“9.
Wang D, Zhou Y, Guo Y, Zhang R, Li W, He M, et al. The effect of sleep duration and sleep quality on hypertension in middle-aged and older Chinese: the Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort Study. Sleep Med. 2017;40:78â€“83.
Guo J, Fei Y, Li J, Zhang L, Luo Q, Chen G. Gender- and age-speci fi c associations between sleep duration and prevalent hypertension in middle-aged and elderly Chinese : a cross-sectional study from CHARLS 2011 â€“ 2012. BMJ Open. 2016;6:e011770.
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Medicine & Health
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.