Penerapan Positive Routine dan Graduated Extinction untuk Menurunkan Perilaku Co-Sleeping pada Anak Usia Dini

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Faradila Azka
Mita Aswanti Tjakrawiralaksana

Abstract

Co-sleeping is an effective short-term solution for children with sleep onset difficulties. Co-sleeping, however, often correlates with a higher likelihood of night waking, shorter sleep duration, higher resistance to sleep, and lower sleep quality.  Behaviour modification is the most effective intervention for co-sleeping. This study aims to apply the most commonly used behaviour modification techniques for co-sleeping, namely positive routine, and extinction. Parental education, feedback, and reinforcement were also carried in this program. The participant was a 5-year-old with co-sleeping problems. Results of the study indicate that these techniques are effective in reducing co-sleeping in early childhood. The child was successful in sleeping on her own and showed a reduction in sleep onset and night waking duration. Some factors support the implementation of the interventions: positive routines that well developed since infancy, the child that used regular physical activities, parenting style, and the child’s mastery of relaxation techniques.
Keywords: behaviour modification, co-sleeping, graduated extinction, positive routine, sleep training

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How to Cite
Azka, F., & Tjakrawiralaksana, M. (2021). Penerapan Positive Routine dan Graduated Extinction untuk Menurunkan Perilaku Co-Sleeping pada Anak Usia Dini. Humanitas (Jurnal Psikologi), 5(1), 43 - 60. https://doi.org/10.28932/humanitas.v5i1.3201
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